Get to know the best material for your Jalis’

Ever wondered what all materials can be used to make lattice (jali) patterns? Then you have come to the right page. In this article we’ll give you an idea about all the reliable materials which can be used to help you design new lattice patterns.


Though all have a fair idea about lattice patterns, a little basics won’t hurt anyone. In simple terminology lattice pattern is an open framework or structure of crisis crossed material which can be any type of metal or wood or acrylic.

Below image is an fine example showing various uses of lattice patterns. Lattice pattern are used as screens, to create divisions in an surrounding or to beautify a place. Selection of a correct lattice pattern design and material is very crucial as wrong choice of any spoils the serenity of the surrounding
This image showcases the varied uses of lattice pattern in a building or room and not only does it make the surrounding lively it expresses the view of a person or has it’s own expression.

Now to the part we will discuss in detail in this article about i.e., the various reliable materials which can be used to make a lattice pattern. We will give you a list based on durability, finish and ease of installation.

  • Mild steel
  • MDF
  • Stainless Steel
  • Aluminium
  • Acrylic

There are other materials which can be used to make lattice patterns as well, but we think these materials fit the criteria described initially well.

Mid steel

First and foremost thing to know mild steel is not the same as steel or stainless steel! Mild steel is an type of alloy steel which has high amount of carbon. People usually confuse among the type of steel and think they are the same which causes a blunder later on their projects. Therefore, the type of steel matters a lot!
Mild steel is brittle than steel and more malleable. Hence, it can be used to make jali or lattice patterns more easily and causes no problem.
Gradation takes place quicker in mild steel or in simple words it rusts faster than other steels. But no worries this can be taken care with, it can be significantly slowed down by few methods thus making it stronger. The ways how mild steel can be made more stronger are mentioned below –

Powder coating

Powder coating is a process to protect the mild steel in which a powdered paint compound made of pigment or resin or fillers is used. It is melt and fused together in curing process (baking in high temperature which can exceed 350 degrees Celsius) and electrostatically charged. The powdered paint can be made from any of the following materials polyester or Polyurethane or acrylic or epoxy. To powder coat the mild steel it is pretreated chemically or mechanically and conversion coating is done.
Well that was the basic technical information on powder coating which might help you a bit in knowing how powder coating is done. Powder coating has the benefit of being environment friendly and more safer than paint and gives a premium quality finish.

Above image shows an object being powder coated via air gun

The next up in protecting the jali is painting the mild steel


Paints are usually applied one coat on top of another and each coat has a specific function/purpose. The mild steel is first cleaned by several methods to remove impurities and grease or any oxides formed on it. After it is cleaned a coat of Primers is applied it, this layer is applied so, when a layer of paint comes off the first thing to get damaged is primers which rusts before the steel thus protecting it. Then an intermediate coat and a finishing layer is applied. Intermediate coat is applied to increase the thickness of the paint as thicker the paint the better while the finishing coat gives it a required appearance and surface resistance. The benefits of painting mild steel is it gives it superior look and adds gloss effect.

The image shows a mild steel rod being painted by a roller

Now that, we have become familiar with mild steel and it’s protection methods moving further we’ll learn about MDF


MDF (medium-density fiberboard) is inexpensive, durable engineered wood. It is generally denser than plywood and is one of the most versatile building material. It is made up of wood fibre, resin glue and paraffin wax. MDF is prone to absorb water and expand. Unlike other woods it doesn’t contract back, to tackle this problem MDF is sealed that is to use primer and varnish to protect it from moisture and water, this safeguards the MDF. MDF can be used as in it’s plain chocolate or brownish color or it can be colored which is explained below in brief.

Deco painted

Deco painting is painting the MDF to make it look more appealing or customized. There are various colours to choose from to deco paint the MDF. The natural colour of MDF can be maintained or if anything else is needed deco painted MDF is the way.

Deco painted MDF cabinet acts as rich change in this kitchen

Stainless steel

Stainless steel is an alloy like mild steel. Stainless steel contains a more significant amount of chromium. It is further enhanced to the needs by addition of other metals for various purposes. The benefits of using stainless steel is that in a calm and static environment with not much changes in it, stainless steel is not corrosive that is it doesn’t rust. This quality of stainless steel makes it highly sought after and it doesn’t even get stains hence, the name ‘Stainless Steel’.

The above shows a splendid stainless steel lattice design


Being the second most common metal on earth’s crust, it is foundly easily but it isn’t present in its free form(usually chemically bonded with other elements). It is lightweight and has great weight-strength ratio compared to other metals. The lightweight factor of aluminium helps in aerospace, automobiles and window frames manufacturing. Aluminium is ultimate malleable and ductile metal due to this property of the metal it can be easily used to design many lattice patterns plus it is a soft metal which helps even further in quick and effortless manufacturing. Aluminium is polished or powder coated for allure.

Powder coating

As explained earlier about powder coating, aluminium powder coating is also done in the same procedure. A powder coated aluminum looks more appealing and adds a wide choices of colour to choose from.

This is an simple powder coated aluminium lattice pattern which blends into the wall perfectly and gives a vivid atmosphere


Polishing also known as buffing is the process of removing abrasions from the surface of an metal and creating the desired brightness of finish on that surface, it is done through buffing machines. A polished aluminium looks very attractive and adds an extra touch to the metal. Example the Apple Macbook has a polished aluminium surface.

An polished aluminium staircase support which intrigues a person who sees it.


Acrylic is a common alternative used for glass. It’s often used in form of sheets and is lightweight also shatter resistant. It is called by many other names such as Plexiglas, Acrylite and Lucite.
It is a type of transparent plastic and is tougher than glass and breaks into larger dull pieces unlike glass shattering into smaller tiny parts. Acrylic is common to make lattice patterns and being much safer than glass it is accepted widely.

This image clearly depicts the beauty of acrylic lattice patterns

With this we end the article and by now you must have learnt about various lattice/jali materials which can be used rather than what you have been using. So, what are you waiting for? Start making new designs with the knowledge of variety of materials acquired and give shape to your ideas with Akaar.