A building facade comprises of an exterior finishing system, fixed just next to the skin of an apartment. It serves two purposes. First is to protect the interiors from harsh climatic conditions and the second is to make the exteriors look appealing and attractive to the eyes of an onlooker. When expert professionals install a fine-quality facade on an apartment, it shall prove to be extremely durable and robust. The cladding will even last for years at a stretch if homeowners take proper care of the house.
As a builder or an architect, your focus lies on putting in your best efforts to ensure that the facade carries out its weatherproofing purposes seamlessly. Owners might approach you to take care of providing sound and thermal insulation, apart from rendering a sturdy, aesthetic appearance. The material used should also be naturally flame and pollution resistant. Additionally, some other factors that you need to take into consideration are weather conditions in the vicinity, budget, and personal preferences of your client, etc. There are various types of materials which you can use to clad a house in. Let us outline some of the best facade types — according to material — to construct for apartment buildings.
Natural or faux stone lends an elegant earthy and robust look to any apartment. They are pretty simple to install, almost maintenance free, and ages with time — giving an elegant appearance as years pass on. Popular types of stones you can use for building facades include marble, granite, slate, and sandstone. This weather-resistant material provides good heat insulation and is energy efficient. It is durable, doesn’t lose its lustre for years, and is non-porous and non-absorbent.
You can also check out this link to get an idea about the different types of stone facades that you can use to design your apartment building.
Wooden facades look naturally stunning and possess excellent insulating properties. They can blend well with the surrounding landscape and can be coloured with a variety of paints. Wood is durable, easy to install, and energy efficient.
A small company in the Alpine area of Salzburg region, Hutter Holzindustrie GmbH, had constructed a wooden façade from renewable materials. Just check out this case study to understand how they came up with the idea and utilised it. Maybe, you can adopt it for your next apartment building!
Also, watch this video on 19 types of modern wooden facades.
uPVC (Unplasticized Polyvinyl Chloride) facade
uPVC facade is another popular choice among builders since it gives an altogether new dimension to any apartment. It also needs minimal maintenance and hence, reduces cost and time in terms of repairs and repaints. uPVC facades are weather resistant and offer good insulation against heat and cold. You can customize the design according to your client’s demands, while offering your customer a variety of colours to choose from.
According to a recent report on the facade and fenestration industry in India, uPVC should capture about 25% of the market by 2020.
Tiles are a relatively new entrant in the market for facade materials in the country. However, they are an extremely versatile choice when it comes to cladding exteriors of apartments. This durable, easy-to-maintain material gives a modern outlook to buildings. You can carve tiles to resemble sleek, contemporary designs as well as natural, textured looks. They offer good insulation and you can use your creativity to shape them into patterns to give a unique appearance to houses.
Check out this gallery to gather inspiration for creative tile designs to use in your next facade project.
A favourite choice among architects, concrete facades offer a solid structure, are strong, and highly resilient. As a builder, you can use the liquefied concrete to create wonderful designs. You may consider installing a frame that echoes with the inner texture of the apartment. Unlike other materials, concrete imitates the shape of whatever framework it is poured into, giving you wide scope to explore your creativity.
In the below article, check out 7 ways of using this liquid stone from the world of architecture to construct beautiful facades.
Glass is another facade option that give you a wide scope for customizing the appearance of apartments. Glass is available in tempered, laminated, curved, and enamelled choices. Not only this, it is even cost effective. It is the perfect alternative to render a contemporary look to buildings. You also get a variety of shapes, sizes, designs, and compositions to choose from.
Builders and architects prefer glass since it decreases the weight of the foundation. Therefore, the building is lighter and even looks spacious. Installing a glass facade reduces energy consumption and requires very less maintenance.
Aluminium composite panel (ACP)
ACP is light and still strong, making it another popular choice of cladding material among builders. It offers resistance against UV radiations and harsh weather conditions. You can design ACP facades in a gamut of customization options that comprise colours, prints, patterns, and shades. The material is available is various thickness levels and requires less time to install.
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Another option that has been a favourite among architects is the ceramic facade. It is light in weight and you can decorate it according to your customer’s requirements. Ceramic facades need little maintenance and yet offer resistance against chemical and atmospheric agents — such as pollution, acid rain, and smog.
Installing a facade is not cheap, with costs amounting to 35-40% of the total building price. However, such an investment is required when you consider factors such as energy efficiency and life expectancy of the apartment. Even sustainability is another aspect that forms an important part of facade construction in the modern world. Keeping all these pointers in mind, we would recommend you to go for a facade type that suits your client’s needs and climatic conditions.